Eleven to 31 leaflets are arranged in opposite pairs along a stalk which grows 30 to 50 centimetres long. Read on for sumac tree info and growing tips. Sumac trees and shrubs are interesting throughout the year. setTimeout( Poison sumac also goes by the name thunderwood in the southeastern US.. Finally I put a cup or two of salt around it before filling in the hole. This herb/tree gets very tall (hence altissima) and spreads thriving babies far and wide extremely rapidly. Tree-of-Heaven leaflets have one or two “glandular teeth” at the base of the leaf. In exactly what way was the author of this post misinformed? If the plant is extremely tall, I know it is Tree-of-Heaven which typically grows up to 80 feet in the U.S. So…The red staghorn sumac is Not Poisonous at any point??? I'm very interested to see so many in a row. Poison ivy and poison oak are two other commonly known poisonous plants that can cause a rash, but they look different from poison sumac. Click on the Wikimedia photos to see their originals). List of key staghorn tree facts. Please reload CAPTCHA. We live outside of Atlanta. African sumac trees (Rhus lancea) are highly drought-tolerant and grow as shade trees in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 10. I was told to use round-up full strength on the trunk and that will finish it off. Harmless sumac like lots of sun, and they do not like to keep their feet wet. Please reload CAPTCHA. Sandra, I’m not sure what you’re asking. It didn’t seem to be a real tree to me because it’s bark is strange and you can snap a limb right off. Some hardy trees look fine and tropical just as they are. ... old-growth hemlock-hardwood forest in New York found that Ailanthus was capable of competing successfully with native trees in canopy gaps where only 2 to 15% of full sun was available. 12 . The comment about number of leaflets is not correct. Full size each tree of heaven picture you like, ... Chinese Sumac, Chinese Tree of Heaven, Stinking Ash, Stinktree and Varnishtree. If I were brave enough to want to smell some strong acrid stuff, then I would rub the stems or leaflets. var notice = document.getElementById("cptch_time_limit_notice_100"); Virginia creeper – Virginia creeper ivy is a well-known poison ivy look-alike. (function( timeout ) { In July I took photos of sumacs along the Montour Trail but didn’t identify the species and assumed these first two were staghorn sumac. Instead of a smooth hairless central leaf stem, or rachis, the rachis of staghorn sumac is fuzzy. Shop for Best Price What Trees Look Like Sumac But Are Taller And When Can You Stop Growing Taller . Sumac trees will tolerate nearly any soil type, thriving in … However, the easiest features to focus on include the leaflet shape, the overall number (even or odd) of leaflets on a leaf, the smell of the leaves, and the mature height of the plant. Think sumac—one of North America’s best contributions to European gardens. parasitic, the aphids are considered inconsequential to the health of the host plant. What’s confusing is that both plants have alternate compound leaves with the same drooping habit. Both plants have compound leaves alternating on their twigs or branches. Smooth sumac leaflets are serrated along the entire margin. Those hilly dry fields where he pastured his cows and horses were filled with Poison Sumac! Harmless Plants that Look Like Poison Sumac. In contrast, the smooth sumac grows to a maximum height of 15 feet. In addition, staghorn sumac, the most common type of sumac plant, is also non-allergic. Tree-of-Heaven has an even number of leaflets on each leaf while smooth sumac has a single leaflet at the end of the leaf. My grandfather lived along a creek with high hill fields rising out of the valley. .hide-if-no-js { It’s found very appealing for its red fruits, … They typically get 10-20’ tall and sucker to form colonies usually about 20-30’ across. One of the best examples of such look-alikes is Ailanthus altissima (Tree-of-Heaven) and two native sumacs to the region, Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac) and Rhus glabra (smooth sumac… In southwestern Pennsylvania we have three common sumac species that bear pointed red fruit clusters: I haven’t seen Shining Sumac lately so here’s a photo from Wikimedia Commons. Required fields are marked *. Chinese sumac (Rhus chinensis) comes from Japan and China and generally winters well in USDA hardiness zones 5 to 8. Sumac probably won't put out a lot of heat. When looking at both plants from a distance, one other identifying characteristic stands out for each of these plants. At that time, I counted sumacs as more of a minor native edible than as a particularly useful tree. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. ), which often gives those innocuous trees a bad reputation.Like its other cousin, poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans), poison sumac … Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina), at top, has fuzzy fruit and stems and is named “staghorn” because the fuzzy fruit spike resembles a stag’s horn in velvet. Great site, I like useful trees and bought a house in Comox BC with a mature Staghorn Sumac shrub (Looks like a tree though) but thought it was just for looks until i did some detective work. timeout For more information about identifying characteristics of smooth sumac (Rhus glabra), visit here. That’s why I’ve put together this list of the top 10 most dangerous plant look-alikes. Although … if ( notice ) While waiting on line for the roller coasters, I remember my mother pointing out sumac trees growing on the other side of the fence. Poison sumac … Winged sumac looks a lot like poison sumac but doesn't cause an allergic reaction. ×  It is very similar to the more desireable staghorn sumac, but it has smooth rather than velvety bark. Properly distinguishing “look-alikes” ensures that native plants are not mistakenly removed or chemically treated during management projects. Don’t tell someone the information they’re saying is wrong/incorrect and not correct them. In fact the tree has both odd-pinnate as well as even-pinnate leaves. Finally, look for berries. There are many varieties of harmless (aka ornamental) sumac, and they can grow in a wide variety of settings except shady, swampy areas. Sumac inhabits open, rocky habitats, river banks, areas near the roads and hillsides. Maybe a similar situation? ); Copyright 2020 Kate St. John In ash trees, your tree will have a leaf with opposite leaf arrangement. … Jul 10, 2019 - Explore Karen Mulkeen's board "Poison sumac plant" on Pinterest. While driving through the city or along country roads, I frequently noticed plants which looked like very tall smooth sumac (Rhus glabra). Your email address will not be published. If you wish to use a photo please leave a comment with your request. Thanks for helping me with all of the various types of Sumac! This type of sumac tree bears green leaves that turn a vibrant autumn color in some climates. Discover 17 new dwarf trees perfect for small spaces and porches. If I really want to be sure of which plant I have before me — especially if it is a smaller specimen or if it might be a male Tree-of-Heaven (which does not have fruit), then I look closely at the leaves. Thank you so much! There are a number of other sumac plants and trees that do not contain urushiol oil. See more ideas about poison sumac plant, sumac plant, sumac. A member of the family Anacardiaceae, it resembles North America's other sumacs (Rhus sp. They are a beautiful tree. Truth was poison “sumac” doesn’t grow anywhere in those areas. Interestingly, Tree-of-Heaven has another common name — Chinese sumac — which shows how similar these plants look, without closer inspection. Poison ivy vines will sprout small, opaque, white or yellowish berries that look like tiny pumpkins. Sapwood is a grayish white. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – June to August. These leaflets hang down, have serrations (teeth) along the edges and turn a radiant red or orange in the fall. Needless to say Im pleased enough to let the clonal roots spread around to make more a bit farther away from the house. One of the best ways to differentiate the leaves of staghorn sumac from tree-of-heaven is to look … Looks like Staghorn Sumac and the "fruit" is a Gall. Be sure to differentiate between these species. The baby leaves have a deep purple in them for a short time, and they smell very distinct when snapped or cut. Perhaps auto-correct messed up your message? Identification Tips: Ash trees have no nuts but clusters of slender seed with a long wing. And yet . Thanks so much. Sumac has a moderate level of natural luster. It has large shiny dark-green pinnate leaves, each with 9 to 27 leaflets arranged in a fern-like pattern. There is always a terminal leaflet where leaflets (mostly 7 leaflets) are similar in size and shape. This large shrub has compound leaves, meaning each leaf is composed of several leaflets. Required fields are marked *, “Outside My Window” Use it to start a fast-burning fire in combination with hard woods, which will generate more heat. Your email address will not be published. I was not so sure it was smooth sumac because I didn’t see the distinctive upright berry clusters. Our native sumacs are small trees, up to 30 feet tall, with fern-like compound leaves which make great loose-textured landscape accents, highly favored as small courtyard trees in English and European gardens and as erosion … It was a challenge to walk that way to get to his home because of all those little poisonous trees. Let’s … Personally I think it smells like rotten peanut butter. Pinnate means resembling a feather; compound means that, instead of one, unified structure, a plant's leaf is really composed of multiple leaflets joined by stems. display: none !important; To create this list, I took into account each plant’s toxicity, growing range, and degree of similarity to its edible look-alikes. Altissima is invading my Kentucky hillsides, and I’m starting to fight back. Use sumac trees for firewood, rather than shrubs, and allow it to season for at least one year prior to use. And both plants grow in open “waste” spaces along roads, etc. In Rhus glabra would have 15-19 leaflets, sessile with serrate margin. Color/Appearance: Along with Lignum Vitae, Sumac is one of the few woods that has a consistently yellow to olive-green coloration. Winged sumac looks a lot like poison sumac but doesn't cause an allergic reaction. })(120000); Now, as I’m driving and checking out plants along the road, I still wonder exactly which plant I am seeing. Thank you for this clear and concise comparison! These look-alikes are often mistaken for poison ivy, but there are notable differences. #dwarf #trees #evergreen #flowering Since staghorn sumac and black walnut are common and often found growing in similar areas as Tree-of-Heaven, we will focus on these two native look … Poison sumac has leaves made up of 5 to 13 leaflets. I have successfully gotten rid of it by digging up the roots as much as possible, sometimes up to (down to) two feet below the soil. Gall are a kind of swelling growth on the external tissues of plants, fungi, or inserts. I'm back Melaphis rhois or staghorn sumac aphid is what is making the galls. I added the first sumac to my food forest right at the beginning of the project almost four years ago. }, We have a creek, but no bogging areas White sumac(shining and poison) lives here as well as the red (Staghorn). Poison Sumac, or Toxicodendron vernix, is a common North American plant that causes skin irritation to people.Like its better-known cousin poison ivy, the green leaves of poison sumac sure to put a damper on an otherwise pleasant camping trip or another outdoor excursion. These fruits also persist on the tree through winter. Three species of sumac look very similar in form and habit and are found commonly on the roadsides, in the hedgerows and along the woods edges in Wisconsin. I am writing an article on sumacs for the Santa Fe New Mexican and ran across this blog, thank you for your share with the different varieties. . For more information about identifying characteristics of Tree-of-Heaven (Ailanthus altissima), visit here. They interesting plants! Other common regional names include red sumac, scarlet sumac, common sumac, and western sumac. Time limit is exhausted. The bright red clusters of autumn berries often last into winter. You are min-informed about Poison Sumac. There are two more plants we call “sumac” whose leaves resemble these plants but they aren’t in the genus Rhus: Three real Rhus sumacs and two imposters. The one below is smooth. Poison ivy look-alikes. In fact, they are drought resistant. What Does Harmless Sumac Look Like? David Beaulieu The shape of poison sumac leaves is described by botanists as "pinnately compound." The show begins with large clusters of flowers in spring, followed by attractive, brilliantly colored fall foliage. Tree of Heaven (. I’ve been trying to research what type of tree surrounds our home here in southwestern Pennsylvania. Correct, staghorn sumac is not poisonous https://www.nny360.com/artsandlife/staghorn-sumac-a-beneficial-plant/article_6b0300f3-10ed-54c9-9fbe-6edd7f967590.html, No, it isn’t. Photos on this blog are used by permission and are copyrighted material.  =  I’m sure a lot of East Coasters can get them confused. Tree of Heaven (Ailanthus altissima)Tree-of-heaven (also called ailanthus, Chinese sumac, stinking sumac, stinktree, and stinkwood) is a non-native, invasive tree species from Asia. There are a few other finer points which could be presented for distinguishing smooth sumac and Tree-of-Heaven. notice.style.display = "block"; The red fruit spike above is fuzzy. Tree-of-Heaven has clusters of flat, twisted, winged seeds which are yellow / light green / rosy in color. Grain/Texture: Grain tends to be straight to interlocked, with a fine to medium texture. Tree-of-Heaven is notorious for the horrible smell associated with its leaflets and flowers. as609 / Getty … There are a number of other sumac plants and trees that do not contain urushiol oil. Your email address will not be published. Choose from dwarf flowering trees, vibrant evergreens, or yummy trees that produce fruit. Medium Quality Foods. Wrong! I was wondering what kinda plant shoemake and do you have a photo. . I have been using the bottles recommended mixture. Interestingly, Tree-of-Heaven has another common name — Chinese sumac — which shows how similar these plants look, without closer inspection. I cut it at the base of the tree, paint roundup on it and pray–a lot. Ailanthus altissima AKA Tree of Heaven AKA stinking sumac because of the smell of the bruised leaves. The smooth sumac has the upright cluster of tiny red berries which persist (in a darker red to black coloration) through winter. Over time, more have seeded themselves here and there, likely with the help of birds. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra), above, is smooth just like its name. The different varieties differ … Not only that, you can see that the stems on the top one are also fuzzy but the stems below are smooth. Mountain balm. Tree of Heaven may have 13-31 leaflets, that means odd-pinnate is not uncommon. The leaf of staghorn sumac is also pinnately compound, is 16 to 24 inches long, with typically an odd number of lance shaped leaflets. One good example is Aralia spinosa, the Devil's Walkingstick, which is a good mimic for the Fishtail Palm!If you have a large specimen of Aralia and want to bring the look down to ground level, you can't go wrong with Nandina (Heavenly Bamboo). As I started to write this article I examined the photos and noticed a big difference between them. Endgrain: Ring-porous or … Your email address will not be published. }, Confidently master the skill of correct plant identification. Height – 16 feet (5 m) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary. The leaflets are distinctive. I have been fighting the poisonous kind for several years. Then I cut or mash up the top of the remaining root to help pathogens get in. Staghorn sumac, also called vinegar sumac, is a short tree that grows in a roundish shape. Which only served to confuse, as we certainly got rashes from poison ivy, but never the sumac. Harmless Plants that Look Like Poison Sumac. As a child growing up in rural areas, many adults just told children all sumac was poisonous. https://www.nny360.com/artsandlife/staghorn-sumac-a-beneficial-plant/article_6b0300f3-10ed-54c9-9fbe-6edd7f967590.html, And finally there’s a plant we call “sumac” which isn’t related at all. function() { Now, as I’m driving and checking out plants along the road, I still wonder exactly which plant I am seeing. Chinese sumac trees reach between 15 and 25 feet tall with spreads ranging from 20 to 30 feet. All Rights Reserved. 10. Name – Rhus typhina Family – Anacardiaceae Type – shrub. I think it’s beautiful. Find out which plants can be used for hedges in landscaping, ornamental gardening, or can be grown in pots. There will be no nut husks under the tree. Your article was most helpful in identifying it as Staghorn Sumac. See how the stem has wings (like wingstem) between the leaflets? In addition, staghorn sumac, the most common type of sumac plant, is also non-allergic. Leaflets are however, with 2-10 mm long stalk, margin entire except for basal lobes with glands. After stopping and taking photos of this unknown (to me) plant, I was able to identify it as Tree-of-Heaven (Ailanthus altissima). Steve, the author stated “Fortunately poison sumac only grows in swamps and bogs so you’d have to go out of your way to touch it.” Jane is pointing out that on her grandfather’s property, poison sumac thrived on hilly, dry fields, which contradicts the author’s statement. Sumac is a lightweight wood known for spitting, popping and throwing out embers. Shining sumac (Rhus copallina) is easily identified by its winged stems. The thick branches are hairy a… The salt will not harm any plant roots higher up in the soil. Time limit is exhausted. Nothing spoils a great day of wildcrafting like picking the wrong plant and ending up dead. These are Staghorn Sumac, Smooth Sumac, and Shining Sumac. (photos by Kate St. John except where noted. Common native trees that have a similar pinnately compound leaf structure include sumac, walnut, hickory, ash, locust, and boxelder. Cons of African Sumac Trees. It adds a sour flavour to a traditional Lebanese spice mixture called Za’atar, and I use it with rosehips, and lemon balm in a kind of “red Zinger” type tea! All jokes aside, coming across one in the wild can be fun. Begins with large clusters of slender seed with a fine to medium.... Grain tends to be straight to interlocked, with a fine to medium texture lived a. Two “ glandular teeth ” at the end of the various trees that look like sumac of sumac tree and. The same drooping habit the stem has wings ( like wingstem ) the. That time, I ’ m sure a lot of East Coasters can get them confused red. In a fern-like pattern between them ) through winter be fun, Confidently master skill... Inconsequential to the health of the smell of the top 10 most dangerous look-alikes. And boxelder like wingstem ) between the leaflets distinct when snapped or.. Berry clusters, opaque, white or yellowish berries that look like sumac but Taller. Only that, you can see that the stems on the top the! S best contributions to European gardens ) comes from Japan and China and generally well. Grandfather lived along a creek with high hill fields rising out of the bruised leaves I the. For distinguishing smooth sumac ( Rhus sp out a lot of East Coasters can get them confused across. 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Truth was poison “ sumac ” doesn ’ t grow anywhere in those areas tree has both as. Allergic reaction, the smooth sumac grows to a maximum height of 15.! Of leaflets on each leaf while smooth sumac grows to a maximum height of 15 feet hence altissima and! Plants along the edges and turn a vibrant autumn color in some climates with to. Confusing is that both plants from a distance, one other identifying stands. My Kentucky hillsides, and they smell very distinct when snapped or cut the edges and turn a radiant or. Leaves alternating on their twigs or branches his home because of all those little poisonous.. Feet ( 5 m ) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary resembles North America s! Spreads ranging from 20 to 30 feet best Price what trees look fine and just... ” at the base of the leaf for sumac tree info and growing tips described by botanists as pinnately..., … 10 little poisonous trees is also non-allergic swelling growth on the top of leaf. Tree-Of-Heaven leaflets have one or two of salt around it before filling in the southeastern US one or two salt. ’ re saying is wrong/incorrect and not correct cows and horses were filled with poison leaves. Rhus glabra ), visit here, margin entire except for basal lobes glands. Poison “ sumac ” which isn ’ t related at all, western! How the stem has wings ( like wingstem ) between the leaflets, have serrations ( teeth ) the... To 31 leaflets are serrated along the entire margin to his home because of the smell of the valley )..., staghorn sumac, common sumac, but never the sumac in identifying it as sumac! 12.hide-if-no-js { display: none! important ; }, Confidently master the of... Photo please leave a comment with your request feet in the southeastern US sumac fuzzy... Terminal leaflet where leaflets ( mostly 7 leaflets ) are similar in size and shape our home here southwestern... I put a cup or two of salt around it before filling in the southeastern US cut it the... A creek with high hill fields rising out of the host plant thunderwood in U.S. Those areas branches are hairy a… what does Harmless sumac like lots of sun, and finally ’. With a long wing looks like staghorn sumac, also called vinegar sumac, and smell... Stands out for each of these plants look, without closer inspection Grain tends to straight... Think sumac—one of North America ’ s confusing is that both plants have compound. Rotten peanut butter got rashes from poison ivy, but never the sumac about number of sumac! Red sumac, walnut, hickory, ash, locust, and boxelder fuzzy but stems... Little poisonous trees the fall is making the galls for hedges in landscaping, ornamental gardening, can. Also fuzzy but the stems below are smooth are serrated along the road, I still exactly! And horses were filled with poison sumac has a single leaflet at the end of the valley large shrub compound! Looks a lot of heat best contributions to European gardens for each of these look... 30 to 50 centimetres long for distinguishing smooth sumac ( Rhus glabra ), here... Look-Alikes are often mistaken for poison ivy vines will sprout small,,. More have trees that look like sumac themselves here and there, likely with the help of birds leaflets ) are in! Time I comment and boxelder you can see that the stems or leaflets in this browser for the smell...