Her mother had a soft corner for her young son and did not want Malinche to take what was her son’s by right. [13][44] Díaz famously wrote that after her father's death, she was given away to merchants by her mother and stepfather so that their own son (Malinche's stepbrother) could succeed as heir. She has been known as the mother of Mexico, and even Mexico’s Eve (the son she had with Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés was likely the first mestizo person, of European and indigenous Amerindian heritage), yet her name is also associated with betrayal. LA MALINCHE La Malinche was a Mesoamerican woman who assisted and acted as an interpreter for the Spanish conquistadors, under the command of Hernán Cortes, when they carried out their conquest of the Aztec Empire in the early part of the 16th century.� Who was Doña Marina? [9][10] The Nahuas called her 'Malintzin', derived from 'Malina' (a Nahuatl rendering of her Spanish name) and the honorific suffix -tzin. La Malinche – Malinalli Tenépatl (1505 – 1529). Her name meant “the Captain’s Lady” in Spanish. Her mother then staged a funeral to explain her daughter’s sudden disappearance. She was also baptized and converted to Christianity. Malinche was 20 years old at that time. Doña Marina or la Malinche, as they called it the Aztecs, embodied for the natives a splitting of the person of Hernán Cortés, on female and Indian. Without the help of La Malinche, perhaps the Aztec empire would have survived. Her name is probably derived from a corruption of the Nahuatl word Malintzin. Her father died soon after she was born. She was born as “Malinalli” and after being taken in by the Spanish, she was named “Doña Marina.” She was later called “La Malinche,” after she became close to Hernán. Was La Malinche an upper class woman by birth or did Bernal Díaz have to view her that way to accept her as a suitable mistress for the great Spanish leader? Soon after she was born, Malinche’s father passed away and her mother married another leader. In contrast with earlier parts of Díaz del Castillo's account, after Marina's diplomacy began assisting Cortés, the Spanish were forced into combat on one more occasion. Hernán build a house for her, where she stayed peacefully and raised her son. La Malinche. La Malinche El Paso; La Malinche, Downtown; Get Menu, Reviews, Contact, Location, Phone Number, Maps and more for La Malinche Restaurant on Zomato During the century XVI the indigenous princess was born into an aristocratic family until she was sold “como un esclava a los aztecas.” Quickly the beauty and intelligence of La Malinche set herself apart from the other slaves. Recently a number of feminist Latinas have decried such a categorization as scapegoating. La Malinche. La Malinche was born Malinalli, sometime in the late 15th century or the early 16th century. What isn’t in question, though, is the key role that this amazing woman played in the conquest and the genesis of America as it’s known today. [101], In the Lienzo de Tlaxcala (History of Tlaxcala), for example, not only is Cortés rarely portrayed without Marina poised by his side, but she is shown at times on her own, seemingly directing events as an independent authority. Encyclopedia Britannica, Women’s contributions throughout history are often overlooked or minimized when compared to those of men. (2002). [61][63] When it was realized that Malinche was able to converse with the emissaries, she and Aguilar were set aside by Cortés, who, according to Gómara, promised her “more than liberty” if she would assist him in finding and communicating with Moctezuma. [112], Some historians believe that La Malinche saved her people from the Aztecs, who held a hegemony throughout the territory and demanded tribute from its inhabitants. [44][94] Gomara writes that Moctezuma was "speaking through Malinche and Aguilar", although other records indicate that Malinche was already translating directly,[44] as she had quickly learned some Spanish herself. Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés eyed the vast lands of Mexico and North America and engaged in a battle with the Chontal Maya in April 1519. Many painters from that era who painted him almost always showed him with Malinche by his side. [74][75] Karttunen remarks that "it is a wonder any communication was accomplished at all", for Cortés's Spanish words had to be translated into Maya, Nahuatl, and Totonac before reaching the locals, whose answers then went back through the same chain. [39] Townsend notes that while Olutla at the time probably had a Popoluca majority, the ruling elite, which Malinche supposedly belonged to, would have been Nahuatl-speaking. [45][46] Some scholars, historians and literary critics alike, have cast doubt upon Díaz's account of her origin. La Malinche was a Nahua woman from an indigenous Mexican region, best known for her role in the conquest of the Aztec Empire by the Spanish establishment. Bernal Díaz del Castillo, a soldier who, as an old man, produced the most comprehensive of the eye-witness accounts, the Historia verdadera de la conquista de la Nueva España ("True Story of the Conquest of New Spain"), speaks repeatedly and reverentially of the "great lady" Doña Marina (always using the honorific title Doña). [88], The combined forces reached Tenochtitlan in early November 1519, and was met by Moctezuma in a causeway leading to the city. Officially, its summit reaches 4,461 metres (14,636 ft) above sea level, though it is generally considered to be closer to 4,440 metres (14,567 ft), using GPS measurements. [18][45][47] Nevertheless, Townsend considers it likely that some of her people were complicit in trafficking her, regardless of the reason. [37][61] Cortés took Malinche back from Puertocarrero,[53] who was later given another indigenous woman before he was sent back to Spain. La Malinche était ainsi devenue un atout précieux pour Cortés, car elle ne lui a pas seulement servi de traductrice, mais l’a également aidé à comprendre les cultures et la politique locales. It is the highest peak in Tlaxcala, the fifth-highest in Puebla, the sixth-highest in Mexico, the 23rd-highest in North America, and the 252nd-highest in the world. Born between 1502 and 1505, La Malinche was named Malinalli Tenepal, the first part of her name being a Nahuatl term for the twelfth day of the month in correspondence to the Aztec calendar, and the second part of … Chaison, Joanne. [49] She was later purchased by a group of Chontal Maya who brought her to the town of Potonchán. Malinche pronto demostró a sí misma muy útil a Cortés, ya que ella fue capaz de ayudar a interpretar náhuatl, la lengua del poderoso imperio azteca. [16], Malinche's birthdate is unknown,[17] but it is estimated to be around 1500, and likely no later than 1505. Chontal is closely related to Yucatecan, but they are sufficiently distinct to hamper. Lire aussi Pompéi : Des fouilles révèlent les restes exceptionnellement bien conservés de deux hommes. Chatterton, j’ai découvert la femme, sa vie, son oeuvre : ici et voici son histoire. Florentine Codex, Book XII, Chapter IX[54], Early in his expedition to Mexico, Cortés was confronted by the Mayas at Potonchán. She was always with Hernán during his meetings and other important events. Malinche's story can be interpreted in different ways. In Mexico today, Malinche … "Without the help of Doña Marina", he writes, "we would not have understood the language of New Spain and Mexico." Her life after this has not been recorded in history. The Nahuas called her 'Malintzin', derived from 'Malina' (a Nahuatl rendering of her Spanish name) and the honorific suffix -tzin. [33] Her daughter also added that the altepetl of Olutla was related to Tetiquipaque, although the nature of this relationship is unclear. The surviving records state that she understood the Cholula plans to form an alliance with the Aztecs to attack the small Spanish army. [43] Malinche was taken to Xicalango,[48] a major port city in the region. accessed 10 June 2019, Hernando Cortés on the Web : Malinche / Doña Marina, Making Herself Indispensable, Condemned for Surviving: Doña Marina (Part 1), Making Herself Indispensable, Condemned for Surviving: Doña Marina (Part 2), La Malinche, an ambivalent interpreter from the past, Leyenda y nacionalismo: alegorías de la derrota en La Malinche y Florinda "La Cava", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=La_Malinche&oldid=991207486, 16th-century indigenous people of the Americas, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from October 2010, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2016, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A reference to La Malinche as Marina is made in the novel, La Malinche appears in the adventure novel, Doña Marina appears in the Henry King film adventure, La Malinche is portrayed as a Christian and protector of her fellow native Mexicans in the novel. Marina, or Malinche - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up) WRITTEN BY. Although the exact place and date of her birth remain unknown to date, it is said that she was born somewhere around the borders of the Mayan and the Aztec Empires in the Valley of Mexico. [33][34] In three unrelated legal proceedings that occurred not long after her death, various witnesses who claimed to have known her personally, including her own daughter, said that she was born in Olutla. Readers will learn the true story of Malinche, a slave girl who was instrumental in the Spanish conquest of Mexico. Thus, she prevented a major bloodshed.

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